Import and export business refers to a series of specific businesses, including labor services, technology, etc., in which foreign parties buy and sell commodities through concluding contracts. The specific contents include: trading and trading methods of import and export commodities; Transportation and storage of import and export commodities; Inspection of import and export commodities; Customs supervision of import and export commodities; Cargo insurance business of import and export commodities; International settlement and bank credit business for settlement of payment for import and export commodities and provision of funds, arbitration and judicial hearing for settlement of import and export business disputes; Operation and management of import and export business, etc.
The procedures of various businesses can generally be divided into three stages: transaction negotiation, contract performance and delivery.
1. At the stage of transaction negotiation, the importer shall first issue the necessary conditions, make inquiries to the exporter or express their purchase intention through intermediaries, so that the relevant "supplier" or "exporter" can contact them, or the exporter can directly propose to the importer for negotiation; Then the exporter makes an offer to the importer, the importer makes a counter-offer, and both parties agree to "accept" by letter and telegram back and forth to complete the offer, and then the transaction is completed. Both parties have completed the agreement on the terms of sale, exchanged documents or signed a contract, and completed the purchase and sale procedures.
2. At the stage of contract performance, the work of the importer is to apply for import license, import visa, develop letter of credit, negotiate ships (book shipping space) on FOB delivery terms, and insure marine insurance on FOB or C&F terms; The work of the exporter is to prepare goods, conduct domestic transportation, book shipping space on C&F or CIF terms, insure water insurance on CIF terms, sign export contracts, inspect commodities and declare at customs.
3. At the stage of delivery, the exporter shall comply with the provisions of the letter of credit. Prepare the shipping documents and settle (or negotiate) with the designated bank to collect the payment within the time specified in the letter of credit, or ask the bank to collect the payment (D/P, D/A);关键词：
- Top 10 import and export enterprises
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